Biotech Studies 2019, Vol 28, Num, 2     (Pages: 112-120)

Seed Yield and Certain Agromorphological Characteristics of Some Broad Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties/Populations Grown in Erzurum Province


1 Doğu Anadolu Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü, Erzurum, Türkiye DOI : 10.21566/tarbitderg.663580 - Fifteen broad bean populations collected from different provinces and six commercial broad bean varieties (Lara, Seher, Filiz-99, Eresen-87, Kıtık and Salkım) as a standard were used as plant material in the study. The experiments was carried out at Eastern Anatolia Agricultural Research Institute Pasinler trial area according to complete randomized block design with three replications. The aim of the study is to determine yield elements of broad bean as feedstuff in Erzurum ecology. In the study, the mean values of some agronomic characteristics of 21 different broad bean variety/ populations used as feed for two years were determined as in number of branches 4.1, first pod height 26.4 cm, plant height 59.3 cm, number of pods per plant 14.9, number of beans per pod 3.2, number of days to beginning of flowering 56, number of days to seed physiological ripening 119.4 days and seed yield 165.7 kg da-1. The highest seed yield was obtained from CV Eresen-87 in the first year and from the population of Tokat in the second year. A combined analysis of variance was performed for the two-year research results and significant differences were found between genotypes and years. In the correlation analysis, it was suggested that there was a negative but significant relationship between seed yield and number of flowering days and the number of days to physiological maturity. Also, there was a positive but very significant relationship between seed yield and plant height and number of seeds per pods. It is thought that these parameters could be used as selection criteria in breeding studies conducted in the similar ecological conditions. Keywords : Erzurum, ecology, faba bean, seed yield, culture of broad bean