Biotech Studies 2016, Vol 25, Num, 1     (Pages: 158-164)

The Determination of Suitable Oat (Avena sativa L.) Genotypes in Cost Line Aegean Region

Nurgül SARI 1 ,Aydın İMAMOĞLU 2 ,Seda PELİT 2 ,Özge YILDIZ 2 ,Ceylan BÜYÜKKİLECİ 2

1 Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, Ankara
2 Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, İzmir
DOI : 10.21566/tarbitderg.280332 - With the objective of evaluating promising oat cultivars suited to coastal area of Aegean Region in terms of yield and quality parameters, the research was conducted using randomized block design and two trials with four replications in the fields of Aegean Agricultural Research Institute and Nazilli Cotton Research Station in 2010-2011 growing season. Trials have been have been established in the form of oat yield trials in both locations, the combined analysis was also applied to locations. The aim of this study was to determine of the performances of new varieties developed by breeding studies in terms of grain yield and quality. In the study, grain yield, tousand kernel weight, test weight, kernel size, protein, fat, starch, dietary fibre, β-glucan, ash rate were investigated. Oats Regional Yield Trial (YBVD) unified in locations, results obtained in grain yields 279.2-625.3 kg/da, 18.8-35.8 g, test weight 40.3-55.6 kg/hl, thousand kernel weight 31.0-41.0 g, 2.2 mm remaining on the percentage of oats 26.0-83.5%, protein 13.7-17.4%, fat 4.6-87%, dietary fibre 8.9- 12.9%, β-glucan 11-2.6%, ash ratio 33-4%. In the trial, grain yield in the 12th, 17th, hectoliter weight in the 17th, thousand kernel weight 14th, kernel size in the 22th, protein content in the 13th, fat composition in the 12th, amount of starch in the 12th, dietary fibre ratio in the 10th, beta glucan value in the18th lines showed superior yield and quality characteristics. Keywords : Oat, Avena sativa L., grain yield, line, variety