Biotech Studies 2013, Vol 22, Num, 1     (Pages: 001-005)

Bean Bio-Diversity in Artvin Province

Ömer SÖZEN 1 ,Hatice BOZOĞLU 2

1 Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarımsal Biyoteknoloji Bölümü, Kırşehir
2 Ondokuzmayıs Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Samsun
- This study was conducted in order to collect the current domestic bean populations and determine their diversity in Artvin Province (especially areas that will be submerged under water after completion of 7 dams, construction of some of which are already completed). For the study, an initial visit was made in 2004 and in 2005 a seed collection travel was conducted. 74 villages in 7 provinces were visited to collect bean seed samples from 279 sites in order to determine the status of bean agriculture and also gather information about the bean agriculture. The collected seeds were separated into 400 sub samples considering shape and color/colors. Seed color and shape give clue about the diversity of the region with this respect. It was understood from the collected information that bean is grown in almost every village and by every farmer in small areas, that there is no commercial variety entrance and that most of the materials are of local origin. It was especially realized that bean grown in Ortaköy (Berta) which is affiliated to central province is being sold to the most important restaurants of the country and that dry bean is one of the most important field plants of the region together with patato and corn. Keywords : Artvin, bean landraces, characterization, dam, survey