Biotech Studies 2017, Vol 26, Num, 1     (Pages: 127-151)

Quality Breeding Studies in Durum Wheat

Aliye PEHLİVAN 1 ,Saime ÜNVER İKİNCİKARAKAYA 2

1 Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, Ankara
2 Ankara Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Ankara
DOI : 10.21566/tarbitderg.323615 Viewed : 396 - Downloaded : 293 Durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.), has an important role in agriculture of Türkiye and world and it is the raw material of pasta and bulgur products. These products have an important role in both Turkey`s industry and export. To be competitive on the world market, high quality durum wheat is needed as a raw material and end product should be in high quality. In order to produce high quality durum wheat, not only cultivation practices and grain yield should be improved but also there is need to breed new varieties which have both high and stable quality in different ecologies. In Türkiye durum wheat breeding studies are conducted by private breeding companies, agricultural faculties and research institutes belong to the General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies to develop new cultivars with high yield and quality. It is very important to evaluate breeding material in terms of quality parameters (high in protein quantity/quality and semolina colour) which expected by macaroni industry. In this review, it is aimed to give information about quality evaluation in different stages of durum wheat breeding and durum wheat cultivars in Türkiye. Keywords : Türkiye, durum wheat, cultivar development, quality breeding