Biotech Studies 2010, Vol 19, Num, 1-2     (Pages: 030-035)

Salvia Species in Flora of Turkey and Their Status in Danger

Arif İPEK 1 ,Bilal GÜRBÜZ 2

1 Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi, Fen Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü – Çankırı
2 Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü – Ankara
- Turkey is a country, either because of having different climate conditions and being located in the point of three gene centers, has got rich diversity of species. Medicinal and aromatic plants among this diversity have a distinct position. Among the plants, Salvia genus is collected for this purpose. This genus, worldwide, has 900 spices and 97 in natural for Turkey. In Turkey 51 of Salvia genus are endemic and endemism percent is high. Despite good conditions in this region, Salvia spices are often naturally found in Mediterranean and Central Anatolia regions. Species like Salvia fruticosa, S. cryptantha, S. multicaulis, S. sclarea and S. tomentosa are being traded. Keywords : Sage species, Salvia, endemic species, Flora of Turkey