Biotech Studies 2016, Vol 25, Num, 2     (Pages: 013-017)

Determination of Growing Possibilities of Some Groundnut (Arachis hypogeae L.) Cultivars in Niğde Conditions

Ramazan İlhan AYTEKİN ,Sevgi ÇALIŞKAN

1 Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri ve Tek. Fakültesi Bitkisel Üretim ve Tek. Böl., Niğde DOI : 10.21566/tarbitderg.281598 Viewed : 282 - Downloaded : 165 Cultivar selection is the most important factor affecting yield and quality of groundnut. Groundnut (Arachis hypogeae L.) is an oil plant that can be grown as an alternative to wheat and potato in Nigde conditions. Agronomic and quality characteristics of 6 different groundnut cultivars were investigated in Bayat villages of Altunhisar in Nigde in 2014. The experimental design was randomized completed block with three replications. In this study, parameters as pod number per plant, discard pod rate (%), 100-seed weight (g), seed rate (%), pod yield (kg da-1), oil content (%) and protein content (%) were evaluated. As a result of research, the cultivars differed significantly with respect to all investigated characters. The results of pod yield ranged from 303.4 and 502.2 kg da-1 and the highest pod yield was obtained from Osmaniye 2005 cultivar. Oil content of groundnut cultivars was ranged %43.0 and 48.9 and the highest oil content was obtained from Sultan cultivar. As a result of research, short growth period and early groundnut cultivars are more suitable for Nigde conditions. Keywords : Arachis hypogeae, cultivar, adaptation, yield, quality