Biotech Studies 2019, Vol 28, Num, 2     (Pages: 053-058)

A Research on Taxonomic Identification of Chamomile Species Sold in Acthars in the Southeastern Anatolian Region of Turkey

Doğan ARSLAN

1 Siirt Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Tarla Bitkileri Bölümü, Kezer Yerleşkesi Siirt DOI : 10.21566/tarbitderg.659962 Viewed : 899 - Downloaded : 469 This study was carried out in 2018 using purposive sampling method, in order to identificate the chamomile species sold in the acthars in Southeastern Anatolian Region. Anthemis nobilis, Matricaria recutita and Ormenis multicaulis species are widely used in the world for medicinal purposes. This study was conducted to raise the public awareness among suppliers, retailers and especially consumers, due to the sale of Cota altissima as chamomile, although chamomile is the first plant preferred by consumers who wants to consume it as medicinal purposes. Chamomile species are commonly used against to cold, cough, gastric and carminative uses. Samples collected from 60 acthars were evaluated with purposeful sampling method from Siirt, Batman, Mardin, Diyarbakır, Gaziantep, and Şanlıurfa provinces. According to the results 95.7% of the samples were determined as dog chamomile (Cota altissima) and only 4.3% of them were chamomile (Matricaria recutita). In this study, it is revealed that suppliers and retailers of medicinal and aromatic plants should be informed and they should be controlled regularly by governmental specialists. Keywords : Medicinal and aromatic plants, Matricaria recutita, Cota altissima (L.) J. Gay, Health